Book-Burning and All-lied Book Destruction Compared


BOOK BURNING AND ALLIED BOOK DESTRUCTION AND “RE-EDUCATION” COMPARED

For all the readily available information about the infamous ‘Nazi Book Burnings’, next to nothing is mentioned of a far greater book burning; that which transpired during the Allied Obliteration Bombing campaign upon Germany and the ‘Re-Education’ program of  any surviving Germans after their defeat and following occupation… which still continues to this day.


The so-called Book-Burning Policy of Germany

We have all heard about the so-called brainwashing German’s purported evil ‘Book Burning’, but there was never any official National Socialist policy to undertake such action. In fact, Chancellor Hitler did not learn of the May 1933 fire until after the first blaze, which was ignited by students.

The German Student Union did call for German university students to purge literature of Marxist influence and to RESTORE the aspects of German culture to their previous volkische traditions, before the degenerate Communist influence prevailed during the Weimar Republic.
The Theses included such detail as;

  • “Language and literature have their roots in the Folk. It is the German Folk’s responsibility to assure that its language and literature are the pure and unadulterated expression of its Folk traditions.
  • At present there is a chasm between literature and German tradition. This situation is a disgrace.
  • Purity of language and literature is your responsibility. Your Folk has entrusted you with the duty of faithfully preserving your language.
  • We want to eradicate lies, we want to denounce treason, we want institutions of discipline and political education for US THE STUDENTS, not MINDLESSNESS.
  • We demand of the German students the desire and capability for independent knowledge and decisions.
  • We demand of German students the desire and capability to overcome Jewish intellectualism and the resulting ‘liberal decay’ in the German spirit.”

With todays liberal societal mindset, which has resulted from the same Marxist incrementalism, this may be perceived as abhorrent and apparently ‘Racist.’ However, to understand the reasoning for such a call, one must understand what had evolved in Germany within the years from the Treaty of Versailles 1919, to 1933.

From the ‘Back-stabbing’ of Germany by International Jewry – the arbitrary annexation of German people, land and industry to surrounding states, the impossible WWI Reparations imposed on the German people and the purposeful hyperinflation – plunged Germany and her Volksdeutsche into incomprehensible poverty, suffering, starvation, death, immorality and desperation… all while a special few lived it up at their expense, in their homes and property, as they took new positions of power and influence of the newly imposed Republic (through the International Democratic overthrow of the former Autocratic Reich), taking over all business, finance and industry, with which they promoted promiscuity, pornography, bestiality, homosexuality, paedophilia, drugs and the sex trade, all through Jewish owned medical clinics, clubs, theatres and publications.
After years of deprivation, suffering and starvation, much of the German Volksdeutsche had succumbed to the Marxist demoralisation, through an environment of pure debauchery and the desperation of the ‘have-nots.’ Germany and, in particular, Berlin, had become the cesspit capital of Europe. To cleanse the German nation of such decadence as this, is what was evil, according to the Glorious All-lied Victors.

That all changed in 1933, when German property, business, finance, production, position, education, industry and publications were rightfully PUT BACK into indigenous Germans hands… for their own benefit.


[Note the Narrator states “Legend has it” regarding Goebbels’ alleged order to burn books]


All-lied deletion of German History, Culture and Traditional Spirit

DresdenIt is estimated that 11,075,000 [*] volumes and patents, which is over a third of all German books, had already been destroyed by the Allied barbarous aerial bombing in West Germany alone; and this does not include those in the areas taken from Germany after the war. Added to the millions of German books destroyed worldwide during the anti-German hysteria of WWI and the Jewish Boycott against Germany in 1933, far more German books were destroyed in the twentieth century, than exist today.
[*] (Source: UNESCO, General Information Programme and UNISIST, ‘Lost Memory – Libraries and Archives Destroyed in the Twentieth Century’)

Librorum ProhibitorumUntil the advent of the printing press, books were hand-scribed and existed in only one or a few copies. Burning them ensured that no one would ever read them… needless to say, thought control was simple pre-printing days.
However, citing rhetoric such as “Preventing corruption of the young” (ironically and hypocritically, a concept often cited in the German censorship laws today), the likes of Henry VIII required printers to submit all manuscripts to the Church for approval and imported publications were outlawed in 1529. French king Francis I, prohibited printing in 1535 and in 1559, the Catholic Church issued the Librorum Prohibitorum to order censors as to which publications to allow. Their approved index listed only 5,000 titles which existed right up until 1966.
Germany however, still had much of the hand-scribed books from its historical culture, but through the atrocious terror bombing of civilian cities by allied forces, they are lost forever;
But it didn’t stop there…

We might think those days were long behind a progressive society, but not under certain circumstances; and, ‘Re-education’ of Germans is and was one such circumstance.

The Allied consensus upon victory was the doctrine of collective guilt: all Germans, young or old, shared the blame for the war. The idea was entrenched enough that it caused no surprise when U.S. President, Harry S. Truman, refused to alleviate the famine of the German population in December, 1945, stating;

Starving German child

“Though all Germans might not be guilty for the war, it would be too difficult to try to single out for better treatment those who had nothing to do with the Nazi regime and its crimes.”
Apparently this even applied to babies and young children.


Morgenthau Plan

All German literature found in both the Soviet and Western Occupation Zones was subjected to censorship. In the U.S. zone, it was regulated by occupation directive JCS 1067 (The Morgenthau Plan) until July 1947, and in May 1946, the order was valid for all zones.


“Too many people here and in England hold the view that the German people as a whole are not responsible for what has taken place – that only a few Nazis are responsible. That unfortunately is not based on fact. The German people must have it driven home to them that the whole nation has been engaged in a lawless conspiracy against the decencies of modern civilization.”
~ President Franklin D. Roosevelt, August, 1944.


Allied Control Authority Order No. 4 stated:
“Confiscation of Literature and Material of a Nazi and Militarist Nature” dictated that all confiscated literature was reduced to pulp instead of burning – a psychological propaganda tactic, to avoid hypocritical accusations of ‘Book-Burning!’ Unfortunately, those in charge of disposal often didn’t know Michael Angelo from Mickey Mouse, and thousands of innocuous, even extremely rare books were Pulped!

A list of 35,000 books were banned as well as all textbooks published from 1933 to 1945. All publications and materials were ordered by the Allied ‘Re-Education’ teams to be “Released to the Commanders of each Zone to be destroyed.”
They were removed from all libraries, schools, universities, research institutes, academies, technical or academic societies, book-stores, publishing houses and even from private homes… then destroyed.
This massive, haphazard vandalism was carried out by Communists, Jewish Partisans and other unqualified people from 1946 to 1952, where many books were lost forever due to careless storage and handling, as well as deliberate eradication, all under the battle cry of making the world a safer place.

This was the greatest campaign of book destruction of all time and ended up being applied not only to the apparent offending books, but to poetry, philosophy, musical verse, calendars, horse books, books about trade and agriculture, driving manuals, books about flowers, home building, barns, astronomy, plumbing, poets, tennis and books about gardening. Hundreds of years of the most ingenuitive, classical and virtuous German history and culture, were lost due to this arrogant abuse of authority, brazen incompetence and total ignorance.

Books about birds made the list, as well as books by Friedrich the Great, Bismarck and antique European military history books and chronicles. Popular children’s books, including rare editions of the Brothers Grimm, were pulped on the grounds that they “Provoked violence.” Everything about the Olympic Games of 1936, the most innovative and greatest Games the world had known to that date, was banned! Books by the ancient poets were pulped. Even books once banned (not burned) by the National Socialists were destroyed too!? Sloppy handling caused the loss of the entire musical works of Richard Strauss and many Gutenberg bibles were fried in this orgy of stupidity.

Of Morgenthau’s Plan for ‘Re-Education’ titled, “Education and Propaganda” stated;

(a) All schools and universities will be closed until an Allied Commission of Education has formulated an effective reorganization program. It is contemplated that it may require a considerable period of time before any institutions of higher education are reopened. 
Meanwhile the education of German students in foreign universities will not be prohibited. 
Elementary schools will be reopened as quickly as appropriate teachers and textbooks are available. 
(b) All German radio stations and newspapers, magazines, weeklies, etc. shall be discontinued until adequate controls are established and an appropriate program formulated.”

Further testament to the intentions of the Victorious All-lies to annihilate German memory and not to free Germany, in jurisdiction, movement or mind, is the Secret Treaty (Geheimer Staatsvertrag), enacted two days prior to the enactment of the German [Occupational] Provisional Constitution on 23 May 1949, which gave complete All-lied control over electronic and print media, film, culture and education until the year 2099 – 150 years of thought control secretly given to the U.K., France and the U.S. for west Germany.
The Treaty also provided for the confiscation of Germany’s gold reserves to be held in the U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of New York, in which the Rothschilds have a 57% shareholding. (See: here)

Beginning with ‘Re-Education’ at the end of the War, Occupational Germany has continued the strict censorship imposed by the Soviet and the Allied occupiers. Even today, using the ‘Special history’ excuse, the Internationalist occupiers forbid ‘Nationalistic’ books, songs and symbols, making them completely illegal, even in private, in Austria and Germany; and, the Occupational Authorities in Germany have been aggressive in trying to expand its own strict laws beyond its borders.
Almost all prosecutions of censorship violations have taken place in connection with what they term Holocaust ‘Revisionism’ or ‘Denial.’ Merely questioning an aspect, re-analysing data, expressing a maverick theory or trying to revise a statistic pertaining to this subject, is lumped under ‘Holocaust Denial’ and ‘Hate Speech’ which is illegal not only in Germany and Austria, but in most of Europe.
“To have failed to write about a particular historical event in a balanced manner” (hypocrisy?) is a crime that can send an amateur historian to jail and he will often serve a longer sentence than a paedophile or serial rapist.

Thousands of people have been convicted of violating European ‘Denial’ laws – thought control policies – and they are currently languishing in European dungeons. Cases prosecuted under these laws go unchallenged even when the convicted parties were pacifists and never proposed violence, but were simply expressing their opinion. In the cases of scientists, artists, singers or writers convicted of this offence, their homes and businesses are raided and their work is destroyed by the state. Worse, the definition of ‘Denial’ is being broadened and is defined today as ‘Hard-Core’ and ‘Soft-Core’ Denial, the latter including discussion of the Allied War-Crimes of the Terror-Bombing Campaign against historic and civilian Germany, as well as the Expulsions of ethnic German women, children and the elderly after the war. Even liberal writers extremely critical of the Third Reich have been tarnished as ‘Soft-Core Deniers’ when they came out with books discussing the heavy toll of Allied Terror-Bombing upon the German civilian population during the war, slaughtering millions of innocents, in defiance of all international law, to which no-one has ever stood accountable.

But be sure to remember how those Evil Germans banned societal rotting books, which is purportedly an ideology the Allied ‘Liberators’ have saved humanity from ever having inflicted upon them again.
“Never Again”?


1948 comicsIn 1948, children – overseen by priests, teachers, and parents – publicly burned several hundred comic books in both Spencer, West Virginia, and Binghamton, New York. Once these stories were picked up by the national press wire services, similar events followed in many other cities. Beginning in 1948, Fredric Wertham wrote and spoke widely, arguing about the detrimental effects that comics reading had on young people. Consequently, his book ‘Seduction of the Innocent’ serves as a culminating expression of his sentiments about comic books.


No-one ever accused these parents, teachers and priests of being evil for protecting their children’s’ minds from rot.

 

Further reading from Revisionist – Here



N. Jones is a Writer, Researcher, Historian and Literary Critic

 

Swastika vs Star of Rempham

The Svastika ‘SWASTIKA’ comes from the Sanskrit word ‘स्वस्तिक'(svastika) which literally means “that which is associated with well-being.”

The word and symbol has been mentioned in innumerable Hindu texts and the sacred Vedas. Also found in other ancient off-shoot religions of Hinduism, like Buddhism and Jainism, with variant meanings. Found heavily in ancient European cultures, such as the Ancient Germanic Iron Age, Celts, Armenians, Ireland, Korea etc. Even Native Americans have many swastika motifs on their arts.

The earliest known depiction of the Swastika is from the Ukraine, dated as far back as 10,000BC and carved on Mammoth ivory.
The Swastika (also called a Fylfot or Hakenkreuz) appears on various Germanic Migration Period and Viking Age artifacts, from the 3rd to 9th century, from Denmark, the Gothic spearhead from Brest-Litov, Belarus, Russia to Armenia and the Norse…

Continue Reading…

Jewish Population Increases from Before to After WWII: 15,748,091 – 15,753,638 ∼ Jewish World Almanac


Jewish Population Records Before and After WWII


From the Jewish World Almanac’

Jewish world population 1933:    15,315,859
Jewish world population 1938:    15,748,091
Jewish world population 1948:    15,753,638

Jewish population in Germany 1938:   210,000

According to various Jewish sources, the Jewish world population of 2015, was still just under 16,000,000 – due to ethnic fertility and reluctance to assimilate.

Jewish Population Records

Jewish Population Records 2

Jewish Population Records 3


12705172_570344586445872_1069300135609965218_n


 

Stalin’s Order #227: Unarmed Human-shields used as defense – Order #270: “No Surrender…Fight to the End” or be shot by Command.

“NOT A SINGLE STEP BACK” Stalin’s Order No. 227


“You have to be brave to be a coward in the Red Army” ~ Joseph Stalin

 


220px-voennaia_marka_ni_shagu_nazad

Soviet Stamp: “Not one step backwards”

Approximately 8.7 million Red Army soldiers died during WWII. A great majority of these soldiers were not willing, patriotic Russians, but rather Ukrainian, Belorussian and many members of other nationalities which came (usually by force) from all over the Soviet occupied empire and the Gulag Death Camp system.

Soviet Russia defeated Germany because it had many more men and absolutely no scruples in regard to how many would die, in order to defeat the Third Reich.


not-a-step-back
Stalin declared in the Preamble of the August 1942 Order No. 227 – that the ‘Iron Law’ of discipline for every officer, soldier, political officer should be; “Not a Single Step Back” without order from higher command.
Company, battalion, regiment and division Commanders, as well as the Commissars and political Officers of corresponding ranks who retreat, without order from above, are Traitors of the Motherland. They should be treated as Traitors of the Motherland.


Although Penal Battalions (shtrafbats) were used prior to this August 1942 order, it introduced severe disciplinary punishments, including summary execution and forcing disgraced Officers to the Front-lines with other prisoners, all being unarmed.

Under Stalins Order No. 227, the idea for fighting Germans was, to throw as many men at the German defenses, until the Germans, literally, ran out of bullets. Among the armed soldiers, were hundreds of ‘Unarmed Penal Battalions’ (initially consisting of 800 Soviet Prisoners per Battalion) sent to charge the German lines.


Section 1 (c) of the Supreme Command Order 227;

“These battalions should be put on the more difficult sections of a Front, thus giving them an opportunity to redeem their crimes against the Motherland by blood.”

Stalin’s blindness to Hitler’s pre-invasion manoeuvres, which allowed the Germans to occupy Russia’s industrial heartland… it was only then, with reluctance, did Stalin shift more of his attention from killing Russian citizens to killing more Germans. These military tactics, if they can be dignified with such a term, in effect were, “Killing two birds with one stone.”

All Red Army soldiers (unarmed or not) who showed any sign of resistance to these inhumane tactics, was shot on the spot. In fact, trailing the Red Army was the NKVD army, which numbered several hundreds of thousands, and its sole purpose was to keep the Red army advancing forward, at any cost… the ultimate cost, was death by purportedly, fellow countrymen.


Sections 2, (a) and (b)

2. “The Military Councils of armies and first of all army commanders should:

a) In all circumstances remove from offices corps and army commanders and commissars, who have allowed their troops to retreat at will without authorisation by the army command, and send them to the Military Councils of the Fronts for court-martial;

b) Form 3 to 5 well-armed guard (barrage) units (zagradotryads), deploy them in the rear of unstable divisions and oblige them to execute panic-mongers and cowards at site in case of panic and chaotic retreat…”


Section 3 (b);

b) “Provide all possible help and support to the guards (barrage) units (zagradotryads) of the army in their work of strengthening discipline and order in the units.

This order is to be read aloud in all companies, troops, batteries, squadrons, teams and staffs.”

The People’s Commissar for Defense
JOSEPH STALIN



Stalin’s Order #270



Order of the Supreme Command of the Red Army on August 16, 1941, No. 270; “On the responsibility of the military for surrender and leaving weapons to the enemy”

Order No. 270 was issued by Stalin on 16 August 1941, which commanded the Red Army personnel to “Fight to the Last.” This banned army personnel from surrendering and set out severe penalties for deserters and senior officers regarded as derelicting their duties.

The first article directed that any Commanders or Commissars “tearing away their insignia and deserting or surrendering” should be considered Malicious Deserters. The order required superiors to shoot these Deserters on the spot. In the event they did desert or surrender, their family members were then subjected to arrest too.

I Order (Stalin)
“That commanders and political officers who, during combat tear off their insignia and desert to the rear or surrender to the enemy, be considered malicious deserters whose families are subject to arrest as a family, for violation of an oath and betrayal of their homeland.

All Higher commanders and commissars are required to shoot on the spot any such deserters from among command personnel…”

The second article demanded that encircled soldiers must use every possibility to fight on, and to demand that their commanders organise the fighting; according to the order, anyone attempting to surrender instead of fighting must be killed and their family members deprived of any state welfare and assistance.
The order also required division commanders to demote and to shoot on the spot those commanders who failed to command a battle directly in the battlefield.

“…Encircled units and formations to selflessly fight to the last, to protect material like the apple of their eye, to break through from the rear of enemy troops, defeating the fascist dogs.

That every soldier is obliged, regardless of his or her position, to demand that their superiors, if part of their unit is surrounded, to fight to the end, to break through, and if a superior or a unit of the Red Army – instead of organizing resistance to the enemy – prefers to become a prisoner, they should be destroyed by all means possible on land and air, and their families deprived of public benefits and assistance.

Division commanders and commissars are obliged to immediately shift from their posts commanders of battalions and regiments, who hide in crevices during battle and those who fear directing a fight on the battlefield; to reduce their positions, as imposters, to be demoted to the ranks, and when necessary to shoot them on the spot, bringing to their place bold and courageous people, from among junior command personnel or those among the ranks of the Red Army who have excelled”

This order is to be read in all companies, squadrons, batteries, teams and staffs.

Headquarters of the Supreme Command, Red Army
Chairman of the State Defence Committee, J. Stalin


Between the years 1941-1942 alone, up to 200,000 Red Army soldiers were executed by the NKVD. However, since Order No. 227, the Battalions were increased in number and men within each increased also. Estimates on how many Red Army prisoner/soldiers, “Deserters” and “Panic-mongers” were executed throughout the war, are estimated between hundreds of thousands to a million… but one cannot truly know the true loss of life under these Orders.


Commenting on Order No. 270, Stalin stated:
“There are no Soviet prisoners of war, only traitors.”


yakov-surrendered-to-germans
Stalin’s conviction toward his own orders were demonstrated when [ironically] the “apple of his eye,” Yakov Dzhugashvili – Stalin’s eldest son – who served as an Artillery Officer in the Red Army, was captured by the Wehrmacht (German Army) on 16 July 1941, during the Battle of Smolensk, in the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.


There is debate as to whether Yakov was captured or surrendered, however in 2013, Der Spiegel provided evidence that Yakov had surrendered. A letter written by Dzhugashvili’s Brigade Commissar to the Red Army’s Political Director, quoted by Spiegel, states that after Dzhugashvili’s battery had been bombed by the Germans, he and another soldier initially put on civilian clothing and escaped, but then at some point Dzhugashvili stayed behind, saying that he “wanted to stay and rest.”
Further support to his surrender, was given by his wife during interrogation – pursuant to the Articles of Order 270, upon her arrest – that it was her request that he surrender to stay alive. She repeated this in her Memoirs.


stalins-son-yakov-dzhugashvili-captured-by-the-germans-1941-1-copy


Other sources suggest that the retreating Yakov Dzhugashvili was handed over to the Germans by his father’s unhappy subjects, the Muzhiks (Russian Peasants), who hated the Kolkhoz system and the Soviet power in general. In the first hours of capture, the panic-stricken young man got rid of his Officer’s insignia and hid among the masses of POW’s. Unfortunately for him he was recognized by one of his former comrades who immediately turned him in.
In either event, whether surrendering or not fighting to the end, was – according to Stalin –  traitorous to the Motherland and attracted severe punishment, even when returned after the war.

Stalin first learned of his son’ capture via a communiqué  received from the Germans, which included a picture of his son with German Officers. Stalin reacted (referring to an earlier suicide attempt by Yakov), “The fool – he couldn’t even shoot himself!” An angry Stalin blamed Yakov for “surrendering like a coward” to the enemy.
The Germans showered the Soviet trenches with leaflets, stating that – with the exception of “NKVD and Commissars” – they promised good treatment for those Red soldiers who surrendered unarmed. Several leaflets featured a photograph of Yakov accompanying the Wehrmacht Officers. Printed on the back of one of the publications was a copy of the letter Yakov had written to his father, which had been forwarded to Stalin;

“Dear Father! I have been taken prisoner. I am in good health. I will soon be sent to a camp for officers in Germany. I am being treated well. I wish you good health. Greetings to everyone. Yasha.”

Yakov was temporarily housed at a guarded villa in Berlin, then several temporary Officers camps, but later transferred to the Sachsenhausen camp.
On January 31, 1943, during the Battle of Stalingrad (August 1942 to February 1943), Generalfeldmarschall Friedrich Paulus was captured by the Red Army, along with 107,000 other Axis Servicemen (only 6,000 were ever seen alive again, by 1955). As Hitler noted that there was no precedent of a Generalfielmarschall ever being captured and kept alive, so he attempted to negotiate the POW trade of Yakov for Freidrich Paulus. Stalin’s response was, “I have no son called Yakov” and, “I will not trade a Marshall for a Lieutenant.”

The circumstances of Yakov’s death a few months later remain unclear, but by the time he reached the Sachsenhausen camp and, given his previous psychological health and repeated suicide attempts, his nerves had deteriorated considerably. He had constant visitors from Berlin seeking translations, radio broadcasts and photographing him, was detested by fellow British POW’s, who often physically fought him (one such occurrence that same day) and he is said to have attempted suicide from the electric perimeter fence of the camp, or had unknowingly wandered toward it, or attempted escape. In any event, he ignored repeated orders to move away from the fence and return to barracks, or he would be shot.
He did not follow the orders and after nearly two years as a POW, he was shot on April 14, 1943.
This was seen by Stalin as a more honorable death and Stalin’s attitude towards his son softened slightly.


stalins-son-yakov-dzhugashvili-captured-by-the-germans-1941-3


N. Jones is a Writer, Researcher, Historian and Literary Critic.

WWI: Toward a Prolonged Ultimatum – Pt 3


In February 1917, after repeated failed attempts at peace negotiations, the German Empire embarked on unlimited submarine war, claimed to be the cause for the United States to later enter the war on the Entente side, in April. However, it was only at the beginning of 1918, that American troops were deployed on a large scale in France. The hope that England would give in within a few months as a result of the submarine warfare, remained unfulfilled. The war continued to be a standoff.

american troops arrive in England

In the spring of 1917, the Austrian leadership feared that the Danube Monarchy would not be able to continue the war beyond the coming winter. Emperor Karl I. and the new Foreign Secretary Czernin, thus urged Berlin for new peace talks to be held. Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg, confirmed his preparedness for talks, but he also said that at that point, the war could only be ended by the Central Powers submitting to the will of the Allies in entirety, but they would have to wait and see how the ‘Revolution in Russia’ (Jewish overthrow) would progress. There had been “workers’ unrests” in March, the Czar had been forced to abdicate, his brother had renounced his right for succession to the throne and the new Republican government had continued the war… quite a timely progression for the Bolsheviks.

In mid-April, the ‘Russian Council of People’s Commissioners’ offered a general peace, without annexations and compensations. In Germany, the Social Democrats immediately supported this offer. Even Matthias Erzberger of the Centre Party, who occasionally traveled abroad on behalf of the German government, supported it too. He was the main initiator of the resolution adopted by the Reichstag, on 19 July. With a clear majority, the Parliament expressed itself in favour of a peace of understanding, a lasting reconciliation of the peoples, against forced cessions of territory and, economic and financial rape… only an economic peace would enable a friendly coexistence of the peoples. The Reichstag also advocated the creation of international rights organisations, but the Supreme Army Command was against this resolution. Bethmann-Hollweg thought it inappropriate at that moment in time and thus lost the confidence of the parties advocating the resolution. On 13 July, he stepped down from office.

Imperial Chancellor Georg Michaelis 13 July 1917-30 October 1917

His successor, Georg Michaelis, avowed himself at the beginning of the debate about the resolution to the lasting reconciliation of the peoples and to a peace of understanding, but one which would have to safeguard Germany’s interests in Europe and overseas. Lloyd George, by then the British Prime Minister, called this speech “a sign of commitment to war and to achieving a false peace.”

On 1 August, Pope Benedict XV. called upon the warring parties to enter into peace talks. He advocated an obligatory arbitral jurisdiction for all international issues, the settlement of all territorial disputes in a spirit of conciliation, the mutual waiving of war reparations, disarmament and the freedom of the seas. This appeal had been agreed upon by ‘Nuncio Pacelli’ with the leadership of the Reich in late June. An official German comment was published only in mid-September, expressing the spirited hope that the Papal initiative be successful. This declaration was immediately handed over to the press. In doing so, the Reich government once again, like so many times before, made a public commitment to reconciliation. The Allies rejected the Papal proposition right away, Wilson did also – very decisively. On 1 November, Michaelis stepped down from office. The new Chancellor Georg Graf von Hertling, held no different attitude towards peace than its two predecessors.

In Russia, the Bolsheviks came to power following an uprising on 7 November. Vladimir Lenin (aka: Nikolai Lenin, Jacob Richter, Ilyin, Starik, Frei, Maier, Iordanov, Karpov, Mueller, Tulin etc.) the chairman of the now ruling Council of the People’s Commissioners, declared on 9 November in front of the Council Congress, that his government would offer peace to all warring nations on the basis of Soviet conditions, i.e. no annexations and contributions, and the right of self-determination to the peoples. This was also written in his decree for peace. The Central Powers agreed to his request for an armistice. On 4 December, a cease-fire went into effect to bring on a long-term and honourable peace for all parties and, the negotiations started on 22 December in Brest-Litowsk. During the session on 25 December, Czernin called the Russian principles a basis worth discussing. Should that happen, the governments of all warring nations would have to commit themselves to respecting them.

It was decided to ask the Allies for a statement in this sense within ten days. There was no response. The Western powers equally disregarded an invitation by the Russian Foreign Commissar to take part in the peace negotiations. A conversation initiated by Czernin, between an Austrian diplomat and the South-African politician, Jan Smuts, a member of the British Imperial War Cabinet, which took place in Bern in late December, also brought no results.

Vladimir Lenin addresses the people

The Central Powers’ draft for a peace treaty with Russia was very succinct. It demanded that the Russian government take notice of the will of the people, to give full sovereignty to Poland, Lithuania, Courland, and parts of Estonia and Livonia (formally called the Riga Governorate before ceded to Russia and then prior to WWI, it had been administered independently by the local Baltic German nobility, through a Regional Council – now divided between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Estonia).. Further articles regulated to reinforce once again, the treaties that were in effect before the war, the mutual renunciation of the replacement of war losses and the restitution of war expenses. The Soviet leadership was not united in their stance on this treaty. Lenin was expecting a World Revolution anyway, so he thought that the treaty would not be valid for too long, so he might as well just sign it. Foreign Commissar, Leon Trotsky (aka Leiba Bronstein), proposed to simply abandon the war and a majority was in favour of this. After returning to Brest-Litovsk, he first tried to delay the negotiations and on 18 February 1918, he declared in the political commission that Russia would not sign the treaty, but rather leave the war and hope that other peoples would do the same, without any official agreement in place – thus no ‘Official Peace’ to be obliged to adhere to. The Central Powers correctly judged this as a cancellation of the armistice, according to international law – and restarted their military advance. Soon afterwards, the Central Committee gave in and signed the treaty,  which included some new amendments regarding Central Asia and Armenia. Peace was concluded on 3 March.

WWI_MapFrom June to August, supplementary German-Russian agreements were negotiated in Berlin. There it was agreed that the Central Powers were to withdraw their troops from the Russian areas they had occupied. Ending the combat operations in the East, enabled the Supreme Army Command to deploy troops to the Western front. The German offensive which started there in late March, was particularly intended to hit British troops in order to make London more willing to talk. At first, the German army was very successful, but in early June, they came to a halt. Starting in July, the Allied forces successively pushed back the German troops. Bulgaria had joined the Central Powers in 1915 but in mid-September 1918, the Allied forces broke through the front there. By the end of the same month, the country had to surrender unconditionally. Now Hindenburg, the Head of the Supreme Army Command, demanded that the German government ask President Wilson to mediate an armistice. For this opportunity again, there was agreement in Berlin. The crown council decided on 29 September to introduce the parliamentary system in order to improve the odds for a beneficial peace.

Prince Max von Baden

Hertling was against this and stepped down… Prince Max von Baden then became the new Reich Chancellor. Thanks to his long-standing activities in caring for prisoners of war, he was well-regarded, even abroad. He had spoken publicly in favour of a League of Nations and in interior politics, he was ready to conduct reforms. On the very same day he was appointed, the evening of 3 October, he asked President Wilson, via Switzerland, for a peace treaty on the basis of the “Fourteen Points” of 8 January 1918; and in order to prevent further bloodshed, for the immediate conclusion of an armistice. The Danube Monarchy followed suit one day later, the Ottoman Empire soon after. However, Wilson delayed fulfilling this plea for an immediate armistice by five weeks, because the Allies first wanted to improve their military position.

w_32On 5 November, U.S. Secretary of State, Lansing, declared that the Allies were now ready for an armistice which would secure them the absolute power to enforce the details of the peace, which had to be accepted by the German government. This five week delay, cost the lives of some 10,000 soldiers. During this period, the Danube monarchy collapsed and in Germany, a civil war broke out between National Germans and Alien Revolutionaries, in early November. A Council of the People’s Deputies took over government. The armistice signed in the early morning of 11 November stipulated that battles should end at noon, 11 am British time.



Appreciation to Hans Fenske, Professor of Contemporary History, at Freiburg University (1977-2001) for all his scholarly compiled research.
Author of:
Der Anfang vom Ende des alten Europa (The Beginning of the End of Old Europe; The Allied Refusal of Peace Talks 1914-1919.)


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N. Jones is a Writer, Researcher, Historian and Literary Critic.


1914 – A Christmas Truce: Born in a Herdsman’s Shed

WWI: Christmas 1914


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Christmas 1914, the first World War had been raging for just over four months, but things didn’t quite go as the Leaders planned…

As the soldiers of both sides cheerily departed for the front-lines in France and Belgium, the politicians told them it would “all be over by Christmas.” But it wasn’t. Instead, on that first Christmas of the War, the soldiers – many of them volunteers from Ireland, indeed a great number of them probably hurlers and footballers – found themselves bogged down in deadly trench warfare, sometimes less than a hundred metres apart.

Compassion for Ones Foes

After heavy rains near Ypres, where the Germans held the high ground and the British the lower ground, English troops came out of their flooded trenches in full view of the Germans who expressed their sympathy and did not open fire on their soaked and vulnerable enemy.

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On Christmas Eve and Christmas Day 1914, something magical and mysterious happened… the killing stopped – and men from both sides gingerly left their positions and fraternised in the ‘No Mans’ Land’ between the trenches.

 

79684231_truce-5For that first Christmas away from home, family and friends of the soldiers wanted to make their loved ones’ Christmas as special as could be, under the circumstances that is. They sent packages filled with letters, warm clothing, food, cigarettes, and medications. Yet what made Christmas at the front really seem like the traditional festival, was the arrival of so many small Christmas trees in the German trenches.christmas-truce

On Christmas Eve, many German soldiers put up their Christmas trees, decorated with candles, on the parapets. Hundreds of the trees lit up the trenches. The British ‘Tommies’ could see the lights, but it took them a few minutes to work out what they were looking at. They could hear the Germans celebrating and calling out to them. In some parts of the front line, the two sides took turns to sing Christmas carols to each other.
At the first light of dawn on Christmas Day, some German soldiers emerged from their trenches and approached the Allied lines across no-man’s-land, calling out “Merry Christmas” in their enemies’ native tongue. At first, the Allied soldiers feared it was a trick, but seeing the Germans unarmed they climbed out of their trenches and shook hands with the enemy soldiers, even exchanging hats.

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This friendliness on Christmas Eve and again on Christmas Day, was in no way officially sanctioned, nor organised. Some of those who went out to meet the enemy in the middle of No Man’s Land, negotiated a peace their ‘Leaders’ seemed to have great difficulty in (or perhaps reluctance in) establishing… it was simple:
“We won’t fire … if you won’t fire.”

newxmasburyAnother opportunity undertaken by the truce, was to bury the dead. There were corpses out in No Man’s Land that had been there for several months. Along with the revelry that celebrated Christmas, was the sad and sombre job of burying their fallen comrades. On Christmas Day, British and German soldiers appeared on No Man’s Land and sorted through the bodies. In a few instances, joint services were held together for both the British and German dead.

1xmasMany soldiers enjoyed meeting the un-seen enemy and were surprised to discover they were more alike than they had thought. They talked, shared Christmas trees and family pictures, and exchanged Christmas gifts, such as cigarettes, puddings, wine, regimental badges and brass buttons etc.

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Another wonderful example of the fraternisation, was soccer games played in the middle of No Man’s Land, where one such match between a British regiment and the Germans, the Germans won by three goals to two.



 

truceofchristmasvinciguerraThis impromptu, unsanctioned Christmas Truce of 1914, came shortly after the outbreak of war in Europe – much to the anger of the ‘Chain of Command’ who, in many instances, threatened repercussions for lack of discipline. Numerous Officers ordered their artillery to open fire on their fraternising troops in no-mans-land. On none of these occasions did the artillery obey orders. There are numerous complaints on record by officers shocked at the total breakdown of discipline as men point blank refused orders to open fire on their own soldiers, who were mingling with the enemy in no-mans-land – on Christmas Day. The reinstatement of combat was ordered and in various areas of the front, recommenced the day after Christmas, others after New Year and on the Eastern front a week later again. It was the last example of the supposedly outdated notion of chivalry between enemies in warfare. It was never repeated. An Easter Sunday Truce was attempted by German units in 1915, but they were suppressed by British artillery fire. Future attempts at holiday ceasefires were quashed by Officers, with threats of disciplinary action, court martial, Treason, the death penalty and so, became somewhat of a legend…
canadian-and-german-cigaretteBut it served as heartening proof and showed, however brief, that even in the most hell-like of conditions, that beneath the brutal clash of weapons, soldiers’ essential goodness and humanity prevails… and with the spirit of Christmas and what it represents, can overcome the enmity and bring people together.

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The Irish poet, Thomas Kettle, was killed in the War in September 1916. He captured that Christmas spirit in a poem he wrote to his little daughter, Betty, shortly before he died:

“So, here while the mad guns curse overhead,
And tired men sigh with mud for couch and floor,
Know that we fools, now with the foolish dead,
Died not for flag, nor King, nor Emperor –
But for a dream, born in a herdsman’s shed,
And for the secret scripture of the poor.”

Christmas Truce

Undermining Propaganda

The French government was the first to severely censor any reports on what they called “fraternisation with the enemy.” In a letter dated 7 December 1914, Charles De Gaulle expressed his dismay at fraternisation with the enemy, where French and German troops had exchanged newspapers and recovered their dead and organised burial parties in no-mans-land. French General d’Urbal, expressed alarm over soldiers staying too long in the same sector becoming friendly with their enemies, to the extent that they were conducting conversations between the lines and even visiting one another’s trenches!
Political pressure was brought to bear in order to censor all reports of the event from mainstream history books for decades. For years the extraordinary event was known only by word of mouth from participants. The damage caused by the Christmas Truce to propaganda campaigns to demonise the enemy, was regarded as a serious threat to the war. It has taken decades to unearth the details of the fascinating events surrounding Christmas 1914.

The soccer match was re-enacted recently by English, German and other NATO troops in Kabul; midway through the match, in perfect synchronicity, play on the make-shift pitch had to be postponed for the landing of a Black Hawk helicopter carrying John McCain, visiting American troops.  Never was John McCutcheon’s great song about the Christmas Truce more timelessly and heart-breakingly true.

“Twas Christmas in the trenches, where the frost so bitter hung
The frozen fields of France were warmed as songs of peace were sung
For the walls they’d kept between us to exact the work of war
Had been crumbled and were gone for evermore.

My name is Francis Tolliver, in Liverpool I dwell
Each Christmas come since World War I I’ve learned its lessons well
That the ones who call the shots won’t be among the dead and lame
And on each end of the rifle we’re the same.”

“Without an Enemy, there can be no war.”

the power of peace 1914

 

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EmilyHobhouse
Emily Hobhouse

The famous Englishwoman, Emily Hobhouse, who had exposed to the world the horrors of Lord Kitchener’s scorched earth campaign against the Boer Republics of the Transvaal and Orange Free State and the horrors of the British concentration camps in South Africa, was the most prominent campaigner against British involvement in the First World War.

Open Christmas Letter

Emily Hobhouse authored the Open Christmas Letter calling for peace. 101 British women signed Emily’s Open Christmas Letter which was endorsed by 155 prominent German and Austrian women in response. Under the heading: “On Earth Peace, Goodwill towards Men”, Emily Hobhouse wrote: “Sisters: The Christmas message sounds like mockery to a world at war, but those of us who wished, and still wish, for peace, may surely offer a solemn greeting to such of you who feel as we do.” She mentioned that “as in South Africa during the Anglo Boer War (1899-1902), the brunt of modern war falls upon non-combatants and the conscience of the world cannot bear the sight.”

Christmas Hastens Peace

“Is it not our mission to preserve life? Do not humanity and common sense alike prompt us to join hands with the women… and urge our rulers to stave off further bloodshed?… May Christmas hasten that day…”

Female Solidarity

The German Mothers responded: “To our English Sisters, sisters of the same race, our warm and heartfelt thanks for Christmas greetings… women of the belligerent countries, with all faithfulness, devotion and love to their country, can go beyond it and maintain true solidarity with the women of other belligerent nations, that really civilised women never lose their humanity…”

Love for One’s Enemies

Emily Hobhouse also oversaw the raising of funds and shipping of food and medicines to the women and children of Germany and Austria who were suffering as a result of the English Naval blockade.

Preaching for Peace

Numerous ministers were proclaiming from the pulpit: “That the guns may fall silent at least upon the night when the Angels sang.” Although these messages were officially rebuffed, and suppressed in the heavily censored media, many of the soldiers in the front-lines seemed to share these sentiments.

Read more here:


N. Jones is a Writer, Researcher, Historian and Literary Critic.

Continue to Part 3 ->

Thou Shalt Not Allow Another Nationalism Than Ours

Thou Shalt Not Allow Another Nationalism Than Ours


During the rise of the Third Reich, not only did the Jewish El-ites and their tribalistic minions lose their grip on a country they once wielded great power from – corrupting within and disseminating chaos without – the rise of the Third Reich was something much worse than losing power over Germany, to the International Jew…

After a few centuries or so of Jewish movements and literature convincing and agitating the masses in all nations with [the very ideological weapon they’d used for all their previous revolutions and still, for ensuing revolutions], that of the manipulated “CLASS-WARFARE” – riling the working class against the capitalists (and letting die or killing those who were neither – they were of no use to them), while ensuring their own Capitalists would be immune and remain in power, to funnel all the capital to themselves by consolidation and credit recall, actually increasing their power and capital, by using their Marxist inspired, Communistic created movement of ‘Proletariat against the [very] Bourgeois’ they sought to supplant (divide and conquer), by replacing them as the Super-Bourgeoisie (with the help of the naive angry mob), thereby, reducing all others to slaves – or in Russia, the so-called ‘Workers Paradise‘ – ruled over by the only Nationalism they planned (and still plan) to exist – that of ‘Jewish-Nationalism’…

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However, there emerged a Nationalism that demonstrated and proved, in only a few short years, that this clash of classes that the communist narrative had pushed for so long, was NOT inevitable!

A Nationalism that abolished Class-Warfare (and useless political ‘Parties’), uniting peasant and professional in community pride, in dignity, in respect for each other, in commonality and in quality over quantity. A Nationalism that enabled a form of capitalism that pursued quality of life in every area for all, raising the standard of living and morality through a willing collective effort – contributionism, not theft, give not take, based on the timeless principle of, “Give and thy shall receive.” The very Proletarian unification and recognition Marx and his Communist herd opined about… but when the true recognition of the Proletariat worth ACTUALLY emerged, they did all they could to destroy it.

A Nationalism that abolished the form of Capitalism brought about by lazy, scheming, usurious extraction – the theft of all assets and capital through unpaid [imposed] debt. A Nationalism which inspired value in each other, making obsolete the idiotic idea of seeing value in an inanimate metal locked away in some Bankers vault. A model of Nationalism the whole world could adopt and hoped the world would adopt, which supports the ‘Natural-Order‘ of TRUE Diversity – the Diversity BETWEEN Nations (not WITHIN Nations)… and thus, this is why every other Nation had to be bombarded with the twisted and most evil of horror stories against this Nationalism – one of barbarous world domination, evoking distrust and persecution against all Germans whichever land they resided in (whilst crying this was their own plight), before the other nations, too, took pride in their own and each country established their own free nationalism, embodied by respect and rights for everyone, within and without, their own cultural lands…

In the mind of the Jew, anything that stood in contrast or stood above ‘Jewish Nationalism’ or simply competed, had to be destroyed at all costs! The threat of the potential of many unified nations to rise near their superiority nationalism (a special Chosen People), would not be tolerated!

ww2-anti-german-propaganda-poster-illustrating-a-demonic-adolf-hitler-DK18NTThe Third Reich’s National Socialism was the initiator of that contrasting Nationalism that had to be destroyed; and all weapons were employed to achieve it – international defamatory press, finance, policy, plundering, war machines, slavery and outright genocide.

‘Jewish Nationalism’ is the core drive behind their endless names of movements and organisations, the compass of their instinct, from every word they utter, to every piece of literature or policy written… thus why the Third Reich’s principle of Nationalism will continue to be demonised as long as one of these nepotistic tribalists can still speak.

Their unnecessary manipulated ‘Class-Warfare’ must never be discovered by the angry mob, it has been the very weapon they’ve used to raise the masses in every incremental revolutionary phase of societal-restructuring they’ve pursued, the very weapon that today keeps the aimless and divided “Democracies” in useless conflicting discussion and opinions, absent of unified direction and action… thereby incapacitating any possibility of opposing Nationalisms to the jew, enabling ‘Jewish-Nationalism‘ of their own unified direction and action, to reign supreme… their very own ‘Internationalism’ (world domination over all nations/nationalism’s), the internationalism, which was born from Diaspora Judaism and incubated in the isolating banishment of ghettos.

Hitler’s Economic Reform:

 

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 N. Jones is a Writer, Researcher, Historian and Literary Critic.